Most modern toy pianos use round metal rods, as opposed to strings 30 Klavier-Features für Links PDF a regular piano, to produce sound. Toy pianos come in many shapes, from scale models of upright or grand pianos to toys which only resemble pianos in that they possess keys.
Författare: Heiko Kulenkampff.
Kompositorischer Streifzug durch Jazz, Pop, Romantik, Reggae und Tango, bei dem die linke Hand im Vordergrund steht, während die rechte Hand begleitet.
Toy pianos are usually no more than 50 cm in width, and made out of wood or plastic. Toy pianos ostensibly use the same musical scale as full size pianos, although their tuning in all but the most expensive models is usually very approximate. Early toy pianos used glass bars to produce their sound, but Albert Schoenhut, son of a German toy-making family, introduced metal sounding bars to make the instrument more durable. One popular model used metal xylophone bars, struck by a wooden sphere thrown up by the piano key to make its sound. In 1930, a toy piano metal rod design was patented in the US by Alice Violet Bennett. The child could play the keys or let a small piano roll take over, the metal rods being struck by hammers propelled by a vacuum driven by a blower. By the 1950s, the toy piano market was dominated by two main toy piano makers: Jaymar and Schoenhut, counterparts to the Steinway and Baldwin for adult pianos.
Wooden keys and hammers were replaced by moulded plastic ones. In the late 1970s, Schoenhut was acquired by Jaymar, although the two retained their distinct identities. Schoenhut experienced difficulty during the recession of the 1980s, folding and eventually re-emerging as the Schoenhut Piano Company in 1997. From 1939 to 1970, Victor Michel improved toy-piano conception. Michelsonne French toy-pianos are known for their uniquely distinctive sound. Launched in 2000, the annual Toy Piano Festival, held in San Diego at the University of California, San Diego’s Geisel Library, features a collection of toy pianos, recordings of compositions, and live performance of existing and new works written for toy pianos. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture.
Though originally made as a child’s toy, the toy piano has been used in serious classical and contemporary musical contexts. In France in the early 1970s, Jean-Jacques Birgé performed on a toy-piano, besides synthesizers, and recorded it in „Le réveil“ on his Défense de album in 1975, as Pascal Comelade built all his work on toy instruments, having played all kinds of toy pianos himself since 1978. A pioneer of the toy piano is the German composer and pianist Bernd Wiesemann. He played many concerts with the toy piano in Germany in the 1970s and 1980s. In 1997, pianist Margaret Leng Tan released the CD The Art of the Toy Piano. Walter Egan uses a melody line played on a toy piano for the choruses on his 1978 hit „Magnet And Steel“. On 2005’s Awake Is the New Sleep, Ben Lee used a toy piano in the song „Catch My Disease“ which became popular in 2005 and won several awards.
Some jazz performers—John Medeski and Larry Goldings, among others—have used toy pianos. The Cure used a toy piano on „Just Like Heaven“ during their 1990 MTV Unplugged set. A toy piano provides the pulsing chime in the song „I Belong To You“ by Lenny Kravitz from his 5 album. The B-52’s song „Dance This Mess Around“ features a Mickey Mouse Piano Book played by Fred Schneider as both an essential musical plot device and live prop. In 2005 Matt Malsky and David Claman sponsored „The Extensible Toy Piano Project“, which consisted of an extensive set of freely-available, high-quality toy piano samples, an international composition competition, and a festival at Clark University. The instrumental „Calliope“, on Tom Waits‘ album Blood Money, features a toy piano, as well as the calliope of the title.