A resource for reliable information about significant people, places, events, and things in Minnesota history. Somali and Somali American Experiences in Minnesota. Die Somali PDF candidate Ilhan Omar on the campaign trail, October 4, 2016.
Författare: Elke Mücher.
Tips zur Haltung und Ernährung sowie Wissenswertes über das Wesen der Somalikatzen.
Omar won her election in 2017 and became the first Somali person to join the Minnesota State Legislature. Although the first Somalis to arrive in Minnesota were students and scholars, the majority of Somalis who live in the state in the 2010s came as refugees fleeing a civil war in their homeland. Somalis face discrimination both as Africans in America and as Muslims in America. In spite of these challenging conditions, they have forged livelihoods and created a thriving community in Minnesota for more than twenty years. SOMALIA Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa, on the continent’s east coast.
Traditionally, Somalis are nomadic pastoralists, though agricultural systems developed in the nation’s southern river valleys. The capital city of Mogadishu and other urban areas have been important sites for industrial development and trade. The more than 1,880-mile coastline of Somalia has supported a fishing industry and been a center for maritime trade for centuries. Somalis have used these trade routes to migrate to the Middle East, Asia, and Europe in search of economic and educational opportunities. The first Somalis in the United States were a small group of sailors who settled in New York City in the 1920s. Since the 1960s, Somali students have come to the United States to pursue educational opportunities.
In the early twentieth century, European governments gained control of Somali lands and divided up the area. French took northwestern Somalia, now known as Djibouti. Somalis resisted foreign occupation but failed to gain independence until after World War II, when both Italy and England were pressured to end their colonial regimes in Africa. Somalia became a democratic nation in 1960 through a peaceful transition of power. In 1969, however, General Mohamed Siad Barre led a military coup, forcing Somalis into political, economic, and social turmoil. Many groups in Somalia organized a resistance movement that escalated in the late 1980s and forced Barre out of office in 1991.
Islamic Courts Union controlled parts of Somalia. In 2010, the Transitional Federal Government, backed by the United Nations and the African Union, gained control in Somalia, and in 2012, the first parliamentary elections were held for a permanent and internationally recognized Somali federal government. MIGRATION AND RESETTLEMENT Since the civil war began, the United Nations has reported that more than one million Somalis have left the country as refugees or asylees and that there are 1. 5 million people who are internally displaced within Somalia. The United States began issuing visas to Somali refugees in 1992.