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Piqueteros PDF

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Författare: Maren Hager de Galindo.

Inhaltlich unveränderte Neuauflage. Die drastischen sozioökonomischen Folgen der argentinischen Wirtschafts- und Finanzkrise im Jahr 2001 konnten weder durch das politische System Argentiniens noch durch die bestehende gesellschaftliche Organisation – hier insbesondere die Gewerkschaften – aufgefangen werden. Die enorme Verarmung im Lande, der weitgehende Verlust von Arbeitsplätzen und die dadurch entstehende relative Deprivation brachten eine soziale Bewegung hervor, die als Piquetero-Bewegung bezeichnet wird. Dieser Bewegung geht die folgende Studie nach, indem sie ausgerüstet mit dem theoretischen Instrumentarium zur Analyse sozialer Bewegungen nachvollzieht, wie die Piqueteros entstanden sind, wie sie sich organisiert haben, durch welche Maßnahmen die Organisation eine eigene Identität ausgebildet hat und wie sie – durch die politischen Handlungen der jeweiligen Regierungen beeinflusst – in zunehmende Heterogenität zerfallen sind. Das Buch richtet sich an Politik- und Sozialwissenschaftler, die Interesse an der Entstehung von neuen sozialen Bewegungen haben sowie an alle Argentinien-Interessierte.

This article possibly contains original research. This article needs additional citations for verification. Casserole protest in Montreal, Quebec, Canada on May 24, 2012. What is peculiar about this type of demonstration is that people can protest from their own homes, thus achieving a high level of support and participation. The word comes from Spanish cacerola, which means „stew pot“.

When this manner of protest was practised in Canada, in English it was referred to by most media as „casseroles“ rather than the Spanish term cacerolazo. As the Argentine peso quickly devalued and foreign currency fled the country, the government decreed a forced conversion of dollar-denominated accounts into pesos at an arbitrary exchange rate of 1. A cacerolazo in Buenos Aires, Argentina during the night of December 19, 2001. The first cacerolazos were spontaneous and non-partisan.

After a time, however, the cacerolazo became an organized phenomenon, often of a violent nature, directed against the banks. Many of these were attacked, their facades spray-painted, their windows broken, their entrances blocked by tire fires, or even their facilities occupied by force at times. September 24, 2002, to protest against increases in public service fees requested by the providers. As the financial and macroeconomic conditions became more stable, the government loosened the restrictions on the withdrawal of deposits, and the cacerolazos died out. On March 25, a group led by Luis D’Elía, a supporter of the Kirchner administration, and a cacerolazo violently faced each other during the demonstrations pro and against the export tax policy of Cristina Kirchner’s government.

The 2012 cacerolazo at the Santa Fe and Callao streets, Buenos Aires. On May 31, a nationwide cacerolazo took place with a massive following of approximately ten thousand people in the capital alone. On May 31 and June 1, cacerolazos in high class neighbourhoods were organized through the internet in protest to a diversity of reasons, not existing a single cohesive one. The most prominent was the introduction of controls on the foreign currency exchange market by Cristina Kirchner’s government. On June 7, there was a cacerolazo with a concentration of around a thousand people in Plaza de Mayo and in Buenos Aires’s avenues intersections of high class neighbourhoods.

The following week, June 14, another concentration in Plaza de Mayo was attended by a just a few hundreds. Another protest was made on November 8, commonly known as 8N amongst the country, principally in the Obelisco and the Plaza de Mayo, and around the world in the major cities of Spain, the US, Canada, Brazil, France, the UK and bordering countries. In 2017 and 2018, Hirak Rif or Rif Movement activists in the Rif region used Cacerolazo to protest against Morocco’s politics in the Rif region. Casserole protest against Bill 78 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada on May 24, 2012.

In 2012 in Québec citizens were using cacerolazo after the adoption on 18 May of Bill 78, an act which restricts rights to assemble after peaceful protests were met with police violence in Montreal and Victoriaville. A large number „casseroles“ or „pots and pans demonstrations“ were held in towns and cities across the province, with the largest ones being primarily concentrated in Montreal’s various neighbourhoods. Cacerolazos began in Chile in 1971 in protest at shortages during the Salvador Allende administration. By 1973 they had become commonplace as protests against the administration intensified amid increasing shortages. After Augusto Pinochet seized power in 1973 cacerolazos disappeared for a time until the economic crisis of 1982-83 set in. Cacerolazos were organized in 2011 for two different reasons.